surface mining released

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Chapter 7: Participating in Bond Release Proceedings - The Strip ...

At the final stage of a mining operation, the state releases operators from the bond posted during the permitting stage. The purpose of the bond is to make sure that the regulatory agency has access to sufficient funds to pay for the reclamation of the affected land if operators fail to live up to the terms of their permits. Release...

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Methane released by coal mining - SourceWatch

May 8, 2013 ... Surface Mining: During surface mining, methane is released directly to the atmosphere. Post-Mining Activities: Some methane remains in the coal after mining and is released during subsequent processing and transportation. Abandoned Mines: Methane emissions from abandoned mines are not quantified...

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US Surface Mines Emissions Assessment - EPA

methane contained in these coals will be released as the material is excavated, broken, dumped, and later used as backfill. In addition, methane emissions will also migrate out of the floor and highwall of the surface mine. The magnitude of the floor emissions will depend on several factors such as: • gas content of the...

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Newsroom - OSMRE News and Stories

Feb 12, 2018 ... 2018 Stories and News Releases. February 12, President Proposes $122 Million FY 2019 Budget for OSMRE. 2017 Stories and News Releases. November 6, Two Mining Companies, and an Association of Mining Operators, Livestock and Agricultural Interests Win 2017 Excellence in Surface Coal Mining...

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Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and ... - Western Region

May 8, 2009 ... This guidance document is intended to facilitate the release of reclamation performance bonds for coal mines on Indian lands or in Western States with. Federal programs administered by the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and. Enforcement (OSM) Western Region (i.e., Arizona, California, Idaho,...

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Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE)

The U.S. Government's Official Website for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE). OSMRE's business practices are to reclaim abandoned mine lands (Title IV), regulate active coal mines (Title V), and apply sound science through technology transfer.

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Performance Bonds - OSMRE

Apr 24, 2017 ... The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA or the Act) provides that, as a prerequisite for obtaining a coal mining permit, a person must post a reclamation bond to ensure that the .... As the permittee completes phases of reclamation, the permittee may apply for partial bond release.

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Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement's Oversight ...

We evaluated the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE) to determine whether its oversight of certified States ensured that the use of Abandoned Mine Lands (AML) funds meet the intent and requirements of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA). We found that OSMRE...

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About coal mining impacts | Greenpeace International

Jul 1, 2016 ... About 40 percent of the world's coal mines are the more damaging strip mines (also called open cast, open pit, mountaintop or surface mining). .... Underground coal fires can release smoke laden gases including carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and sulphur dioxide (SO2).

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Instructions for Surface Mining Land Use Plan Development

A Surface Mining Land Use Plan is a proposal that contains a specific plan of action, based on sound engineering and conservation principles, to accomplish the operator's mining plan and reclamation objective, while protecting adjacent watersheds from the effects of erosion and siltation. A Surface. Mining Land Use Plan...

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Bond release verification requirements for successful reclamation at ...

Bond release verification requirements for successful reclamation at Wyoming surface coal mines. • Coal bond release procedure in Wyoming. • Coal bond release verification criteria and performance standards. • Tracking bond release at a large Wyoming coal mining operation. 1. Dr. Anna Krzyszowska Waitkus...

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Interior Department Finalizes Stream Protection Rule to Safeguard ...

Dec 19, 2016 ... After an extensive and transparent public process, Interior today released final regulations to prevent or minimize impacts to surface water and groundwater from coal mining.

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Republicans Move to Block Rule on Coal Mining Near Streams ...

Feb 2, 2017 ... Using an obscure law that allows Congress to review regulations before they take effect, the Senate voted to reverse the Stream Protection Rule, which seeks to protect the nation's waterways from debris generated by a practice called surface mining. The Interior Department had said the rule would protect...

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Comparison of Reclamation of Coal Mines under the Surface Mining ...

Jun 5, 2009 ... 1970's and culminated in the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act. (SMCRA) of 1977 ... Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977 and establishment of the Office of Surface. Mining .... In terms of reclamation bond posting for and release from disturbance, coal mines are under much greater...

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Effects Of Mining on the Environment and Human Health

Apr 20, 2015 ... Coal mining, the first step in the dirty lifecycle of coal, causes deforestation and releases toxic amounts of minerals and heavy metals into the soil and water ... Strip mining (also known as open cast, mountaintop or surface mining) involves scraping away earth and rocks to get to coal buried near the surface.

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How can metal mining impact the environment? | American ...

If not properly managed, erosion of mineralized waste rock into surface drainages may lead to concentrations of metals in stream sediments. This situation can be potentially harmful, particularly if the metals are in a chemical form that allows them to be easily released from the sediments into stream waters. When this occurs...

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Tox Town - Why is mining a concern?

Oct 4, 2017 ... Underground coal mines, surface coal mines, abandoned coal mines, and coal handling facilities release methane, an invisible and odorless greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming and climate change. The greenhouse effect from mines is small. However, methane can form an explosive...

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Modeling Patterns of Total Dissolved Solids Release from Central ...

Surface mining in the central Appalachian coalfields (USA) influences water quality because the interaction of infiltrated waters and O with freshly exposed mine spoils releases elevated levels of total dissolved solids (TDS) to streams. Modeling and predicting the short- and long-term TDS release potentials of mine spoils...

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Community Impacts of Mountaintop Removal – Appalachian Voices

“To a child of Appalachia, to see the mountains laid waste, whether by clear-cutting or strip mining, is to witness a dagger plunged into the very bosom from which ... Two studies released in January 2012, upheld the residents' claims by demonstrating a “clear hydrochemical pathway” from dumping sites to local water wells.

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Hydrologic Considerations for Permitting and Liability Release

minimized during the period of mining and reclamation until final reclamation liability release. (30 CFR 780.21(h)). A cumulative hydrologic impact assessment (CHIA) is a consideration of how effects on surface- and ground-water systems by a proposed mining operation might combine with similar effects from any existing...

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How a Kentucky school teacher stopped a 756-acre surface mine

Jun 29, 2013 ... The Sierra Club objected on environmental grounds to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the federal agency that approves surface-mining permits. The group cited heavy metals and toxic chemicals likely to be released by mine runoff. The Environmental Protection Agency, which enforces the Clean Water...

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Press Releases Sierra Club Responds to Steven Gardner as ...

Aug 31, 2017 ... Cumberland, KY - Yesterday, media reports showed that Steven Gardner was the frontrunner for the nomination of becoming the Director of the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement. In response Tom Morris, Chair of the Cumberla.

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Carlson Software - More 3D in Mining 2015

Jul 22, 2014 ... MAYSVILLE, Kentucky, U.S.A. (July 2014)— Just released, Carlson Mining 2015 gives users enhanced commands to make and view a solid from a point cloud scan, such as from a cavity, added 3D drawing methods for geologic columns, and increased read/write speed for surface equipment timing and...

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Air Emissions - Colorado.gov

requirements that apply to Colorado surface mining operations. What Must Be Reported? The APCD regulates air pollutants released from surface mining operations and from the equipment used at mining sites. Surface mining activities and mining equipment (such as crushers and screens) release fugitive dust that can be...

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Instantaneous stress release in fault surface asperities during ...

Fault-slip taking place in underground mines occasionally causes severe damage to mine openings as a result of strong ground motion induced by seismic waves arising from fault-slip. It is indicated from previous studies that intense seismic waves could be generated with the shock unloading of fault surface asperities...

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KY Coal Facts - Reclamation

Before surface mining begins, Kentucky coal operators must post bonds to ensure proper reclamation. Under Kentucky's 1984 Permanent Program or “Primacy Program”, bonds are not fully released until a coal operator has demonstrated five years of consecutive successful reclamation (see chart below). As of December...

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Press Releases - Wenco Mining Systems

Surface Mine Safety: Equipment Navigation and Awareness Software Released. RICHMOND, BC, CANADA (October 2013) – Wenco International Mining Systems Ltd. is excited to introduce PitNav and Fleet Awareness, two new navigation and awareness applications for surface mining operations. PitNav is a fully...

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Forms - Coal Mining: Public Service Commission, North Dakota

Application for Final Release of Bond for Surface Coal Mining and Reclamation Operations SFN 19813 (126kb pdf); Application for Partial Release of Bond for Surface Coal Mining and Reclamation Operations SFN 19812 (104kb pdf); Application for Permit to Engage in Surface Coal Mining and Reclamation Operations...

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Methane release from South African coal mines

methane is lost one day after mining. By that time, the coal will have left the mine, so that the remaining seam gas will be released to the atmosphere outside the mine. Attempts to measure methane emissions from surface coal mining operations showed very little detectable methane. Coal from surface operations, which...

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Proximity Awareness brings new level of safety to surface mines - Xinhai

For Release Worldwide: September 2012. Release Number: 306PR12. Proximity Awareness brings new level of safety to surface mines by expanding machine operator awareness of the working environment. Massive surface mining machines working close to each other and near stationary objects are at risk of collisions.

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Methane release from South African coal mines

methane is lost one day after mining. By that time, the coal will have left the mine, so that the remaining seam gas will be released to the atmosphere outside the mine. Attempts to measure methane emissions from surface coal mining operations showed very little detectable methane. Coal from surface operations, which...

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Proximity Awareness brings new level of safety to surface mines - Xinhai

For Release Worldwide: September 2012. Release Number: 306PR12. Proximity Awareness brings new level of safety to surface mines by expanding machine operator awareness of the working environment. Massive surface mining machines working close to each other and near stationary objects are at risk of collisions.

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U.S. GAO - Surface Mining: Cost and Availability of Reclamation ...

In response to a congressional request, GAO assessed the availability and cost of surety reclamation bonds for surface coal mine operators in four states to ... Surface Mining: Cost and Availability of Reclamation Bonds. PEMD-88-17: Published: Apr 8, 1988. Publicly Released: May 3, 1988. Highlights; Recommendations.

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Xinhaiia Coal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1979

"Federal act" means the federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, Public Law 95-87, 91 U.S. Stat. ..... B. The Director's regulations shall require that permit applicants submit hydrologic reclamation plans that include measures that will be utilized to prevent the sudden release of accumulated water from...

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chapter 77. noncoal mining - Pennsylvania Code

The provisions of this Chapter 77 amended under section 11(a) of the Noncoal Surface Mining Conservation and Reclamation Act (52 P. S. § 3311(a)); sections ... complete and the performance bond or other assurance of performance required by Subchapter D (relating to bonding and insurance requirements) is released.

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Trump signs bill undoing Obama coal mining rule | TheHill

Feb 16, 2017 ... The bill quashes the Office of Surface Mining's Stream Protection Rule, a regulation to protect waterways from coal mining waste that officials finalized in December. The legislation is the second Trump has signed into law ending an Obama-era environmental regulation. On Tuesday, he signed a...

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What is Surface Mining and is it Bad? Green Living Families.com

Toxic material left over from the mining can drain from the surface mining area to pollute the water. Blasting can also contaminate water by loosen the foundation of the area, causing leakage, which results in indirect degradation of ground water. Surface mining may cause health problems due to the gases and dust released...

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surface-mining land conservation and reclamation act - Kansas ...

to conduct surface mining on the site. (d) Land where overburden has been disturbed or deposited shall substantially meet the criteria established by the reclamation plan submitted with the registration application before the land shall be removed from registration or released from bond or security under this section.

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Approved Surety Bond for Surface Mining - Maryland Department of ...

Page 1 of 2. Form Number MDE/LMA/041. Date 09-15-2017. TTY Users 1-800-735-2258. APPROVED SURETY BOND FOR SURFACE MINING. BOND NUMBER:...

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Mining - water, effects, environmental, disasters, United States ...

In addition, the technology available during this period was not always able to prevent or control environmental damage. Air. All methods of mining affect air quality. Particulate matter is released in surface mining when overburden is stripped from the site and stored or returned to the pit. When the soil is removed, vegetation...

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