api gravity tabll

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API Gravity - Engineering ToolBox

API gravity express the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. Conversion calculator API - specific gravity.

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API gravity - Wikipedia

The American Petroleum Institute gravity, or API gravity, is a measure of how heavy or light a petroleum liquid is compared to water: if its API gravity is greater than 10, it is lighter and floats on water; if less than 10, it is heavier and sinks. API gravity is thus an inverse measure of a petroleum liquid's density relative to that of...

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API Gravity - Petroleum

API Gravity. API stands for the American Petroleum Institute, which is the major United States trade association for the oil and natural gas industry. The API represents about 400 corporations in the petroleum industry and helps to set standards for production, refinement, and distribution of petroleum products. They also...

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Crude Oil and Lease Condensate Production by API Gravity

API Gravity .... 48 volumes due to independent rounding. A zero may indicate volume of less than 0.5 thousand barrels per day. Previous months' production volumes may have been revised for all states/areas. See Definitions, Sources, and Notes link above for more information on this table. Release Date: 12/29/2017.

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Degrees API | Widman International

API Degrees and Specific Gravity. API Degrees is the relationship of the weight of a petroleum product in relation to water. If it is lighter than water and floats on water, the API degrees are over 10. Those that are below 10 are heavier than water and sink to the bottom. If you would prefer a calculator, clic here. All of the values...

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API Gravity – My DataBook

API Gravity. Typical API Table; API / SG Calculator. API (American Petroleum Institute) gravity is a dimensionless measure of the density of a petroleum liquid (e.g. oil) compared to water. For an API gravity greater than 10, a petroleum liquid will float on water. Conversely, an API gravity less than 10, will cause petroleum...

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How to Convert API Gravity to Density | Sciencing

Apr 24, 2017 ... The American Petroleum Institute established API gravity measure as a measure of the density of petroleum liquids relative to water. The greater the API gravity, the less dense the liquid. The scale of API gravity was adjusted so that most petroleum liquids fall between 10 and 70 degrees API gravity.

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Oil viscosity - - PetroWiki

Jun 4, 2015 ... Typically, oil composition is described by API gravity only. The use of both the API gravity and the Watson characterization factor provides a more complete description of the oil. Table 1 shows an example for a 35° API gravity oil that points out the relationship of viscosity and chemical makeup recalling a...

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NATIONAL STANDARD PETROLEUM OIL TABLES

the relation between specific gravity, degrees A. P. I., pounds per gallon, and gallons per pound. Table 6 gives the degrees A. P. I. (modulus 141.5) corresponding to degrees Baum= (modulus z4o). Tables 1, 2, 4, and 5 in this revised edition have been extended to include oils having specific gravities from 1.o0o to 1.076;...

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Web API - Gravity Forms Documentation

document.write( 'There was an error attempting to access the API - ' + data.status + ': ' + data.response );. return ;. } forms = data.response;. document.write( '<p>Results</p>' );. document.write( '<table border="1"><th>Form ID</th><th>Form Title</th><th>Entry Count</th>' );. for ( var form in forms) {. document.write( '<tr><td>'...

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FM 10-67-1 APPENDIX I - GlobalSecurity.org

ASTM/API/IP Table 5A/B gives the values of API gravities at 60° F corresponding to API gravities observed with a glass hydrometer at temperatures other than 60° F. In converting an API gravity at the observed temperature (API hydrometer indication) to the corresponding API gravity at 60° F, two corrections are necessary.

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Determination of API gravity, kinematic viscosity and water content in ...

Jan 15, 2014 ... In this work, API gravity, kinematic viscosity and water content were determined in petroleum oil using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy with attenuated ..... It is possible to note that SVR prediction error was lower than PLS with RMSEP value of 0.25 for SVR and RMSEP value of 0.38 for PLS (Table 1).

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API Gravity – Neutrium

Jan 17, 2014 ... API gravity is measure of the density of liquid hydrocarbons relative to water. This article provides a reference to the API gravity calculation formula and some typical values of API gravity for common hydrocarbons.

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ThermoTab - ThermoProbe, Inc.

ThermoTab - Volume Correction Factors Click here to review Volume Correction Factor Calculation Development in API by Ken Mei. available tables, ThermoTab Description...

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What Is API Gravity? - YouTube

Sep 18, 2017 ... As one of the basic properties crude oils, this is often 24 apr 2017 api gravity relates density petroleum to water. If its api gravity is greater weatherford laboratories provides a variety of methods for the accurate determination. Crude oil viscosity table and chart. What is crude oil? ' 8 feb 2015 have you heard...

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Laboratory Guide for the Identification of Petroleum Products

ii Tables Page Table I. Properties of Petroleum Products 6 Table II. Solubility of Petroleum Products 9 Table III. Distinguishing Features of Petroleum 12 Products Table IV. Petroleum Products with Similar API 14 Gravity Ranges Table V. Properties of Petroleum Products - 22 Viscosities Table VI. Most Frequently Used Band...

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Using the Gas Pycnometer to Determine API Gravity in Crude Oils ...

Sep 19, 2012 ... In the petroleum industry, the implementation of new methodologies requires a validation procedure in order to guarantee compliance with the specifications. This study presents a comparison between the methodology proposed for the determination of the API gravity using a gas pycnometer with a...

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Prediction of Sulfur Content, API Gravity, and Viscosity Using a ...

Jun 20, 2011 ... A continuous mixture kinetic model was applied to describe the hydrocracking reactions of Maya crude oil in a slurry-phase reactor. Besides the prediction of simulated distillation curves, complementary models were developed to predict American Petroleum Institute (API) gravity, viscosity, and total sulfur...

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API Gravity Temperature Correction Online Calculator

Estimate API Gravity at 60° F: 1) Usually, your API gravity reading will be at a temperature other than 60°F. To convert an API gravity reading to 60°F, we usually use ASTM Table 5B. The left and right margins of the table are annotated with the temperature. The upper margin lists the API gravity values. 2) When you have...

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KGS--Bull. 171--Four-Variable Trend Analysis Illustrated by a Study ...

Jan 25, 2012 ... A second purpose is to demonstrate the use of the method with an example based upon variations of API gravity of crude oil in southeastern Kansas. A third purpose is to .... In Table 1 the terms of the general equations of Figure 4 are classified according to whether they are linear, quadratic, or cubic.

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August 2005 Series 2 - Gravimetric Testing of Oil Meters ... - NIST

Aug 1, 2005 ... API Gravity: a value obtained using an hydrometer designed to directly read the relative density of a ... States and developed the formula for converting specific gravity to API gravity. In the. 1940s the API ... product in terms of API Gravity can be determined using the API Table 5B - Generalized. Products...

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USGS Fact Sheet 70-03: Heavy Oil and Natural Bitumen--Strategic ...

Natural bitumen (often called tar sands or oil sands) and heavy oil differ from light oils by their high viscosity (resistance to flow) at reservoir temperatures, high density (low API gravity), and significant contents of nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur compounds and heavy-metal contaminants. They resemble the residuum from the...

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Oil and Gas Industry Overview - Ihrdc

The American Petroleum Institute (API) has developed a special measure that expresses oil density in terms of API gravity, or ºAPI. ... Figure 16: Correlation between specific gravity and°API gravity. Note the the API ... For this reason, the industry has established standard conditions for referring to all gas volumes (Table 2).

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API STD 2540 : TABLE 5A - GENERALIZED CRUDE OILS AND JP-4 ...

API STD 2540 : TABLE 5A - GENERALIZED CRUDE OILS AND JP-4, CORRECTION OF OBSERVEDAPI GRAVITY TO API GRAVITY AT 60 DEGREES F - TABLE 6A - GEN- ERALIZED CRUDE OILS AND JP-4, CORRECTION OF VOLUME TO 60 DEGREES F AGAINST API GRAVITY AT 60 DEGREES F*IP DESIGNATION:...

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Specific Gravity and API Gravity of Biodiesel and Ultra-Low-Sulfur ...

Dec 20, 2017 ... and API gravity data. are included in the Appendix. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION. FAME PROFILES AND FUEL PROPERTIES. Results from GC analyses of fatty acid composition of the. four biodiesel fuels are summarized in table 2. Fatty acid. profiles were very similar between the three SMEs in terms.

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Effect of Hydrotreating Reaction Conditions on Viscosity, API Gravity ...

g/cm3) in order to estimate the API gravity at 15. ◦. C (60. ◦. F) as follows: API Gravityat 60. ◦. F = (. 141.5. SG. ) − 131.5. (1). 3 Results and Discussion. Table 1 shows the yield of gas and liquid products, where we may see the cracking effect of NiMo and CoMo catalysts on the hydrocarbon molecules present in Maya crude oil...

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Configuring Products - OMNI Flow Computers

It will appear depending on which table is selected above. Enter the API Gravity at reference conditions. It is used to calculate the Volume Correction Factor (VCF) and the Pressure Correction Factor (CPL). The flow computer will accept any positive override value and use it as the API in calculations. The override gravity can...

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Don't Let Your Crude Oils Grow Up to be Condensates – API Creep ...

Feb 20, 2013 ... Whereas a conventional light sweet US crude like the US Midwest pricing benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude has an API gravity of 39 and heavy ... What the table shows is that including EOG these companies were producing between them 456 Mb/d in October 2012 and that 7 out of the 10...

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Crude Oil Properties Overview - OSTI.gov

API gravity is common unit of measure. ▫ ≥ 33°API for “light” oil. ▫ ≤ 28°API for “heavy” oil. ▫ Sulfur content is described as “sweet” or “sour”. ▫ General rule ..... VPCR(4) vs. API Gravity. 41. T = 100 F, SPR data from EOS, NDPC measured. NDPC rail data from “Appendix 6 - Lab Data – Rail”. PHMSA data from “Table E”...

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U.S. oil industry's billion-dollar question: What is condensate?

Oct 7, 2014 ... Most state regulators do not even measure it; those that do, only measure gas-related condensate, not that from the hydraulically fractured oil wells. Most industry insiders expect the definition to revolve around API gravity, a standard measure of density with higher readings produced by lighter grades.

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Relation Between Oil Price and API Gravity Degrees Per Barrel ...

Oct 9, 2013 ... The report I used was about the price of oil and its API gravity degrees or quality. The scatter plot provides a definite and strong visual positive correlation between oil quality (API) and price as can be expected. The correlation between price and API is 0.960 ... Analysis of variance table for regression model:...

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4 HOF market share scenarios for three ethanol ... - (GREET) Model

gasoline is more challenging to produce compared to winter gasoline (due to the higher winter. RVP allowance), these refinery expansion scenarios were examined for the summer period. 3.3. Development of Refinery LP Models. Table 6 summarizes the aggregate regions with respect to crude inputs and crude API gravity.

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Table – II FUNGIBLE TANKAGE RECEIPTS - Buckeye Partners, LP

Sep 26, 2016 ... API Gravity (30 Min). Flash point (116 F Min). Appearance (Clear and Bright). Sulfur (Required to be less than State maximum – See Marine. Terminal Product Specifications – Table I). Imports require full EPA certification of Ship Sample. See Table I. Jet Fuel. Full Jet Fuel Slate – See Table I. Kerosene...

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gauging manual - Kinder Morgan

Table of Contents. GAUGERS SUMMARY. 4. PRE-DEPARTURE CHECKS. 4. PROCEDURE FOR GAUGING TANKS. 6. REFUSING A TANK. 12 ..... connection with the observed API gravity test made on the composite sample. ... a) to determine the observed API gravity, temperature, the amount of suspended water and.

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Assay of Crude Oils (Petroleum Refining)

Curves of TBP, specific gravity, and sulfur content are normal data contained in a well-produced assay. As an example, assays of various Mexican crude oils are presented in Table 1.6. The API gravity of these crude oils ranges from 10 to 33°API. API gravity is a measure of the relative density of a petroleum liquid and the...

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Gravity and sulfur-based crude valuations more accurate than ...

API and sulfur valuation. In commercial transactions, differences in API gravity and sulfur content among crude oils are often used to estimate market relative values for the crudes-more often than are differences in product-based values. The leftmost data columns of Table 6 contain API gravity and sulfur values for the crudes...

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A Crude Primer: Would a Barrel of Oil by Any Other Name Smell as ...

Jul 28, 2017 ... Generally, “light crude” has an API gravity greater than 38° and “heavy crude” has an API gravity of less than 22°. ... (S)table and ample production; a transparent, free-flowing market located in a geopolitically and financially stable region to encourage market interactions; adequate storage to encourage...

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ultra‐low‐sulfur diesel (ulsd) blends - National Agricultural Library ...

SG data at 15.6°C. Two methods were proposed to calculate API gravity of a given blend with VBD = BX (X vol% biodiesel). Method I was to .... (Richmond, British Columbia, Canada) model PSA‐70S. Table 1. Fuel properties of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) from soybean oil (SME) and used cooking oil (UCOME). Property.

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UNDERSTANDING - API

from about $10 (which is to be expected due to its low API gravity) to $50 per barrel or more reflects constraints in oil pipeline capacity necessary to move it out of Alberta to refining centers. Pipeline development has simply not kept pace with production. Oil Transportation Infrastructure: A critical part of the supply chain.

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Diesel Fuels Technical Review - Fuels Institute

The specific gravity, at 60/60°F, and the density, at ... and Chemistry for an explanation of fuel blending, density, and API gravity.) ..... Table 3.1. National Air Pollutant Emissions Estimates (Fires and Dust Excluded) for Major Pollutants. 1 “Air Trends, National Air Pollutant Emissions Estimates for Major Pollutants,” U.S. EPA,.

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